Abnormal uterine bleeding refers to any unusual or irregular bleeding that occurs from the uterus outside of the normal menstrual cycle. This condition can be caused by various factors and may occur at different stages of a woman’s life. To diagnose the right cause, it is important to consult an experienced doctor for abnormal uterine bleeding in South Delhi. Here are some of the common causes of the condition.
What Are the Reasons for Abnormal Uterine Bleeding?
Fluctuations in hormone levels, particularly estrogen and progesterone, can disrupt the normal menstrual cycle and lead to abnormal bleeding. Conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), thyroid disorders, and perimenopause can cause hormonal imbalances, resulting in irregular or prolonged bleeding.
Fibroids are noncancerous growths that develop in the uterus. They can cause heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, often accompanied by pain and cramping. Depending on their size and location, fibroids may require medical intervention or surgery.
These are growths that occur in the lining of the uterus (endometrium). Polyps can cause irregular bleeding, particularly after intercourse or during menopause. While usually benign, they may require removal if symptomatic.
This condition involves the abnormal growth of the endometrial tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus. It can lead to heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, severe cramping, and pelvic pain.
This condition is characterized by excessive growth of the uterine lining. It can cause irregular bleeding, and if left untreated, it may increase the risk of developing endometrial cancer.
Medications or Medical Procedures
Certain medications, such as blood thinners or hormonal therapies, can contribute to abnormal uterine bleeding as a side effect. Additionally, procedures like intrauterine device (IUD) insertion or endometrial biopsy can occasionally cause bleeding.
Infections or Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
Infections of the uterus, cervix, or vagina, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or certain STIs, can cause abnormal bleeding. These conditions often present with other symptoms like pain, discharge, or fever.
Disorders affecting the clotting factors in the blood, such as von Willebrand disease or platelet dysfunction, can lead to heavy or prolonged bleeding.
Cancerous or Pre-cancerous Conditions
In some cases, abnormal uterine bleeding may be a sign of endometrial cancer or precancerous changes in the uterus. Women with persistent, unexplained bleeding should consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation.
It’s important to note that each individual’s situation may vary, and a proper medical evaluation is crucial for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. If you are experiencing abnormal uterine bleeding, consult Dr. Ruchi Tandon, the best gynecologist in South Delhi for early assessment and treatment.