Infertility could be debilitating and why not? Every couple wants a child and when it is unable to do that, the situation becomes frustrating. Well, there is no need for that as advanced medical technologies are available in the market for the diagnosis and treatment of the condition. In this blog, we will see some of the possible causes of infertility along with its diagnosis. If you are also struggling to conceive, consult an infertility specialist in Greater Kailash.
Before we move ahead, let us have a brief look at infertility.
What is Infertility?
Infertility is a medical condition characterized by the inability of a person or a couple to conceive after one year of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse. It can affect both men and women. There could be many causes of infertility including hormonal imbalances to structural problems. Infertility can be temporary or permanent. The condition can be treated with various medical, surgical, or assisted reproductive techniques.
What Are the Causes of Infertility?
There could be several reasons for infertility in males and females. Let us see:
Age: As women age, their ovarian reserve and the quality of eggs decrease, leading to reduced fertility.
Hormonal imbalances: Imbalances in hormones such as estrogen, progesterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH) can affect ovulation and fertility.
Structural problems: Structural problems in the reproductive system, such as blocked fallopian tubes, can prevent sperm and egg from meeting.
Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of it, which can cause scarring and blockages in the reproductive system.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects ovulation and can cause irregular periods.
Lifestyle factors: Factors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, drug use, obesity, and poor nutrition can affect fertility.
Autoimmune disorders: Autoimmune disorders can cause the body to attack reproductive organs, leading to infertility.
Genetic factors: Certain genetic mutations can cause infertility or increase the risk of infertility.
Abnormal sperm production: This can be due to genetic factors, hormonal imbalances, infections, radiation, chemotherapy, or certain medications.
Blockages in the sperm ducts: This can be caused by infections, injury, or prior surgeries.
Varicocele: This is a condition where the veins that drain the testicle become enlarged, leading to reduced sperm quality and quantity.
Erectile dysfunction: This can make it difficult or impossible to achieve or maintain an erection, which can affect fertility.
Retrograde ejaculation: This is the condition when the semen goes into the bladder instead of coming out during ejaculation.
Environmental factors: Exposure to certain chemicals or toxins, such as pesticides, lead, or radiation, can affect sperm production and quality.
Lifestyle factors: Certain lifestyle choices such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, and obesity, can also affect fertility.
Genetic disorders: Certain genetic conditions, such as Klinefelter syndrome, Y chromosome deletions, or cystic fibrosis, can affect male fertility.
For a consultation, contact Dr. Ruchi Tandon, an infertility specialist in Greater Kailash.